“Nos preocupa que Princeton sea un instrumento para políticos y gobiernos que buscan legitimar violaciones de derechos humanos y el debilitamiento de la democracia y la aplicación de la ley”, dicen en su misiva cerca de un centenar de académicos.
Una invitación de la Escuela de Asuntos Públicos e Internacional Woodrow Wilson, de la prestigiosa Universidad de Princeton, al expresidente Álvaro Uribe generó la protesta de cerca de un centenar de académicos colombianos y extranjeros que trabajan temas sobre Colombia.
¿La razón? Más que la presencia del expresidente en el campus, les molesta la manera como se promocionó el evento, destacando solamente éxitos de su gobierno en cuanto a “crecimiento económico, seguridad, reducción de la pobreza y del número de desplazados internos”.
“Sin negar algunos de esos éxitos, queremos llamar la atención sobre otros detalles menos saludables de su reino”, dicen lo académicos.
Luego destacan que “el Gobierno Uribe fue acusado de múltiples violaciones a los derechos humanos como resultado de campañas militares contra civiles incocentes, una persecución política sistemática a miembros de la oposición y periodistas, interceptaciones ilegales de comunicaciones por parte de la agencia estatal de inteligencia, nexos de cientos de miembros de la coalición política de gobierno con grupos armados paramilitares y corrupción de altos funcionarios”.
Para los miembros de la comunidad de Princeton resulta desalentador que “Uribe sea tratado como un huésped de honor en la Universidad de Princeton, una institución que clama el valor de los derechos humanos, la justicia y la democracia”.
Y deploran que una institución comprometida con la rigurosidad académica y el pensamiento crítico “haya anunciado la presencia de Uribe de una manera que oculta los abusos de derechos humanos y el debilitamiento del proceso democrático del gobierno de Uribe”.
En su misiva, los académicos expresan su preocupación de que, dada la manera como se ha promocionado la conferencia de Uribe, esta no permitirá “un abierto intercambio de visiones sobre su muy discutido legado y su actual oposición abierta al proceso de paz colombiano”.
No es la primera vez que la Escuela Woodrow Wilson es centro del debate por temas relacionados con los derechos humanos. En noviembre pasado, como parte de las protestas por los derechos de las minorías en varios centros educativos estadounidenses, los estudiantes que se tomaron la rectoría incluyeron dentro de sus reclamos un cuestionamiento al propio nombre de la Escuela de Asuntos Públicos e Internacionales.
Para los estudiantes, la esuela y los edificios que llevan el nombre del expresidente estadounidense Woodrow Wilson son una continuación de la segregación que él promovió. El rector aceptó abrir un debate académico sobre el verdadero legado del expresidente Woodrow Wilson. ¿Pasará lo mismo con el expresidente colombiano que se presenta este martes en su campus?
A continuación, el texto de la carta en su versión original en inglés, con los firmantes de la misma y su afiliación:
Dear Dean Rouse and President Eisgruber,
As scholars who are from Colombia, do research on the country and/or are concerned with its political events, we write this letter to protest the invitation that Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School has extended to former president Alvaro Uribe Vélez this week. We object to the deceptive and biased announcement that has been used to publicize his talk. And we are concerned that the format of his public lecture will not be conducive to the open exchange of views about his very contested legacy and his current open denunciation of the Colombian peace process.
The initial announcement praised the achievements of Mr. Uribe’s government concerning economic growth, security, poverty reduction and the decrease in the number of internally displaced people. Without denying some of these achievements, we wish to draw attention to other, less salubrious details of his reign. The Uribe government was accused of multiple human rights violations as a result of military campaigns against innocent civilians, systematic political persecution of members of the opposition and journalists, illegal tapping of communications by the state’s intelligence agency, collusion of hundreds of members of Uribe’s political coalition with paramilitary armed groups, and corruption among high-ranking officials, including ministers of Uribe’s cabinet charged with bribing Congressional members to vote in favor of a constitutional change to allow Uribe to stand for reelection.
These events are being investigated by the Colombian judicial system, which has issued multiple criminal convictions of members of Uribe’s closest circle. They are of public knowledge—they have been widely documented by Colombian, US and other countries’ main newspapers, TV news channels and social media. Furthermore, they have been the subject of research by leading academics, as well as investigators from global and Colombian human rights defenders (including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International).
It is disappointing that Mr. Uribe will evidently be treated as a guest of honor at Princeton University, an institution that claims to cherish human rights, justice, and democracy. We regret that the Woodrow Wilson School, an institution committed to rigorous scholarship and critical thinking, has announced Uribe’s presence in a way that overlooks Mr. Uribe’s government’s abuses of human rights and the weakening of the democratic process, and is silent on the scholarship that highlights its legacies.
This echoes other objections from other American universities, where academics and students have opposed previous visits of Uribe, such as Harvard, Columbia, and Georgetown.
For the record, therefore, we feel it important to register some of the illegal and unethical actions for which Mr. Uribe’s government has been denounced. What follows was extracted from the letter that many Colombians and Colombianists addressed to Harvard University in 2010, when Mr. Uribe was invited to the Kennedy School right after leaving office:
“As has been consistently denounced by a diverse number of human rights groups, scholars, community leaders, journalists and individuals inside Colombia and elsewhere, here is a brief list of some of the ethical and legal problems that taint Mr. Uribe’s legacy today. (Source: Human Rights Watch):
- The frequent extrajudicial killings of civilians attributed to the Colombian Army, which the United Nations special rapporteur on extrajudicial executions recently described as “systematic.” The Attorney General’s Office is reported to be investigating cases involving more than 1,700 alleged victims in recent years. Uribe refuses to acknowledge the magnitude of the problem.
- Recent scandals over widespread illegal surveillance and wiretapping by the national intelligence service, which answers directly to Uribe. The surveillance focused almost entirely on major opposition political figures, Supreme Court justices investigating the infiltration of paramilitary mafias in the Colombian Congress, as well as on journalists, trade unions, and human rights organizations. (Please note that one of the people signing this very letter was a direct victim of these criminal acts of surveillance, along with his family).
- The repeated verbal attacks and intimidation of critics by Uribe and senior administration officials, who often try to link legitimate human rights work, journalism, or union activity with the brutal left-wing guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc).
- Ongoing anti-union violence, with the offenders rarely brought to justice. Colombia has the highest rate of killings of trade union members and leaders in the world. More than 2,700 are reported to have been killed since 1986, according to data collected by the National Labor School (Escuela Nacional Sindical or ENS). The ENS recorded 49 such killings in 2008, up from 39 in 2007. It recorded 20 of these killings in 2009 as of mid-June. Ninety-six percent of the killings remain unsolved.
Moreover, after his presidential period ended earlier this year, the intensity of the accusations against Uribe’s administration increased in unprecedented ways, marked by the ongoing criminal investigations led by the country’s Supreme Court against some of his closest aides. Politicians closely allied with the violent project of paramilitary warlords were consistently named by Mr. Uribe to public office during his two terms in office. Even worse, today more than a hundred members of Congress are involved in criminal investigations for their links with paramilitarism, all of them were members of President Uribe’s coalition. The corrupt mechanisms he resorted to obtain his re-election as President in 2006 have pushed several among his ministers and close collaborators to face imprisonment.”.
This letter urges you to be mindful about the invitation of guests from countries with war-torn conflicts and open political wounds. Their speaking presence is not a neutral act, though Princeton should be a place for debate across partisan lines and should be committed to critical thinking and debate. Is that what former President Uribe has been invited to participate in? If not, we are concerned that Princeton be a tool for politicians and governments seeking to legitimate violations of human rights and weakening democracy and the rule of law.
Maria Paula Saffon Sanín, Ph.D., Race and Ethnicity Fellow, Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Lecturer, Politics Department, Princeton University
Juan F. González Bertomeu, J.S.D.; Professor of Law, ITAM University, Guest, Politics Department, Princeton University
Jeremy Adelman, Henry Charles Lea Professor of History, Director of the Global History Lab, Princeton University
Mark Beissinger, Henry W. Putnam Professor of Politics, Director of the Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS), Princeton University
Miguel A. Centeno, Professor of Sociology and International Affairs, Princeton University
Diana Andrade-Melgarejo, Ph.D Candidate, History Department, Princeton University
Robert Karl, Assistant Professor, Dept. of History, Princeton University
Susan Stewart, Avalon Foundation University Professor of the Humanities and Director, Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Princeton University
Gabriela Nouzeilles, Professor, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, Princeton University
Christophe Litwin, PhD, Princeton Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Princeton University
David Minto, Fund for Reunion-Cotsen Postdoctoral Fellow, Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Princeton University
Tony Grafton, Henry Putnam University Professor of History, Princeton University
Thomas Hare, William Sauter LaPorte ’28 Professor in Regional Studies, Princeton University
Teresa Davis, PhD Candidate, History Department, Princeton University
Mary Harper, Executive Director, Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Princeton University
Alessandro Giammei, Cotsen Postdoctoral Fellow in the Society of Fellows and Lecturer in the Council of the Humanities and French and Italian, Princeton University
Tineke D’Haeseleer, Mellon-Cotsen East Asian Postdoctoral Fellow, Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts, Princeton University
Deborah Yashar, Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Princeton University
Iwa Nawrocki, PhD Candidate, History Department, Princeton University
Jessica R. Mack, PhD Candidate, Department of History, Princeton University
Andrea Oñate-Madrazo, Ph.D Candidate, History Department, Princeton University
Matthias vom Hau, Fung Global Fellow, Institute for International & Regional Studies, Princeton University
Jon Elster, Robert K. Merton Professor of the Social Sciences, Columbia University
Mary Roldán, Ph.D., Professor and Chair, Dorothy Epstein Professor of Latin American History, Department of History, Hunter College, City University of New York/ CUNY Graduate Center
Andrés Fabián Henao Castro, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Massachusetts Boston
Esteban Restrepo Saldarriaga, Associate Professor, Law School, Universidad de los Andes
Miguel Gualdrón, PhD Student, Philosophy, DePaul University, Chicago
Renata Segura, Associate Director, Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum, Social Science Research Council
Oscar Javier Parra Vera, MSc Candidate in Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Oxford
Lina Britto, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Northwestern University
Sofia Jaramillo, Carnegie Mellon University, Master Student of Public Policy and Management
Victor M. Uribe-Uran, Associate Professor of History and Law, Chair, Department of History, Florida International University
María del Rosario Acosta López, Associate Professor, Philosophy Department, DePaul University
Sara Koopman, Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, York University
Catherine C. LeGrand, Associate Professor, Department of History, McGill University
Paulina Pardo, Ph.D. Student, Department of History of Art and Architecture, University of Pittsburgh
Miguel García-Sánchez, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Universidad de los Andes
Carolina Maldonado-Carreño, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Universidad de los Andes
Andres Molano, Assistant Professor, School of Education, Universidad de los Andes
Juan Carlos Rodríguez Raga, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Universidad de los Andes
Rodolfo Arango, Professor, Departament of Philosophy, Universidad de los Andes
Margarita Fajardo, Assistant Professor, Sarah Lawrence College
Santiago Virgüez Ruiz, Research Assistant, Department of Political Science, Universidad de los Andes
Tatiana Alfonso Sierra, Ph.D. Student, Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Visiting Professor, Universidad de Los Andes
Alejandra Azuero Quijano, SJD candidate, Harvard Law School, and Ph.D. Student, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago
Silvia Otero Bahamon, Ph.d. Candidate, Political Science, Northwestern University
Natalia Ramirez-Bustamante, SJD candidate, Harvard Law School
Jacob N. Kopas, J.D. Harvard Law School, PhD Student Political Science, Columbia University
Ana María Ibáñez, Dean, Economic Department, Universidad de los Andes
Camilo Castillo, Candidato a Doctor en Derecho, Universidad del Rosario
Nathalia Hernández Vidal. Ph.D. student, Department of Sociology, Loyola University
Javier Revelo-Rebolledo, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania
Jose Rafael Espinosa, Student, The Harris School of Public Policy, Master of Public Policy, University of Chicago
Pilar Riaño-Alcalá, PhD, Professor, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Winifred Tate, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Colby College
Ricardo López, Associate Professor of History, Western Washington University
Ana Maria Bidegain, Professor, Florida International University
Libardo José Ariza, Associate Professor, Law School, Universidad de los Andes
Camila de Gamboa Tapias, Ph.D. in philosophy, Binghamton University, Associate Professor, Law School, Universidad del Rosario
Ana Arjona, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Northwestern University
Teo Ballvé, Assistant Professor, Peace & Conflict Studies Program, Department of Geography, Colgate University
Juana Dávila, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University
Jose Luis Venegas Ramírez, Student, Law and Philosophy Departments, Universidad de los Andes
Alex Fattal, Assistant Professor, Department of Film-Video and Media Studies, Pennsylvania State University
Jorge González Jacome, S.J.D. 2013, Graduate Fellow, Writing Workshop Teaching Assistant, Harvard University
Julieta Lemaitre, Associate Professor, Law School, Universidad de los Andes
Marco Palacios, DPhil. Oxon, Profesor-investigador, El Colegio de México
Roosbelinda Cárdenas, Assistant Professor, Hampshire College
Antonio Barreto Rozo, Associate Professor, Law School, Universidad de los Andes
Lina Beatriz Pinto García, PhD Student, Department of Science & Techology Studies, York University
Kristina Lyons, Assistant Professor, Feminist Science Studies, Department of Anthropology, Latin American and Latino Studies, and the Science & Justice Research Center, University of California, Santa Cruz
Marisol de la Cadena, Professor of Anthropology, UC Davis
Jose Antonio Ramírez-Orozco, Ph.D. Student, Urban Planning, Columbia University
Alexander Huezo, Ph.D. Candidate, Geography, Florida International University
Albert Berry, Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Toronto
Jean E. Jackson, Professor of Anthropology Emeritus, MIT
Elisabeth Jean Wood, Professor of Political Science & International and Area Studies, Yale University.